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Justice

This section contains information on stop and search data, the prison population, the level of hate crime, and domestic violence. 

STOP AND SEARCH
The chart below shows how many stop and searches are conducted on Black and Asian people for every one stop on a White British person. As can be seem, the general level of disproportionality decreased between 2012 and 2014. However, Black people in Birmingham are still twice as likely to be stopped and searched than White British people; Asian people 50% more likely. These figures mask the fact that Black residents in north and south Birmingham are three times more likely to be stopped and searched that their White counterparts. Similarly, Asian people in north Birmingham are 2.7 times more likely to be stopped and searched, while those in the south are twice as likely.


PRISON POPULATION

At the start of 2014, there were over 1,400 prisoners in HMP Birmingham. Here's data showing demographics and prisoner experience:

  • 38.7% of prisoners in Birmingham were under the age of 30. A further 34.3% were aged 30-39. 9.3% were over the age of 50
  • 58.3% of prisoners in Birmingham were from a White British background; 6.1% from a mixed heritage background; 15.8% from an Asian background; 13.2% from a Black background; and 1.3% from Other ethnic backgrounds
  • 19.8% of prisoners in Birmingham described their religion as 'Muslim'; 15.7% as ‘Church of England'; and 11.9% as 'Roman Catholic'. Over a third (38.7%) said they did not subscribe to a religion
  • 2% of prisoners in Birmingham described themselves as ‘homosexual/gay'
  • 21% of prisoners in Birmingham described themselves as having a disability
  • 82% of BME prisoners in Birmingham said most staff treated them with respect. 78% of White prisoners said the same. This is a significant improvement on equivalent figures from 2011, in which 58% of BME prisoners said most staff treated them with respect, compared with 70% of White prisoners
  • 7% of BME prisoners said they had been victimised by staff because of their race or ethnic origin during their time in prison. In 2011 the equivalent figure was 11%. In 2014 22% of Muslims prisoners said they had been ‘threatened or intimidated by a member of staff’. This is compared to 13% of non-Muslim prisoners

 

HATE CRIME
Information on hate crime by police force area is released by the government here. Below is Birmingham-specific data:

  • in 2013, there were 1,465 reported incidents of hate crime in Birmingham. This is compared to a total of 1,207 for the previous year
  • during 2008/09, there were 119 sexual orientation hate crimes in Birmingham, 85 religion-based hate crimes, 1,614 race hate crimes, 26 disability hate crimes, and 4 trans hate crimes

 

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Between 1 January and 31 December 2013 there were 6,559 reported incidents of domestic violence in Birmingham.

 

SOURCES AND NOTES
Stop and search: Stop and search data has been derived by combining data available from the ten West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner Stop and Search Scrutiny Panels. Relevant documents can be accessed here.

Prison population: 2014 prison population figures were supplied by HMP Birmingham to HM Inspectorate of Prisons. Additional data is taken from a prisoner survey conducted by HMIP in HMP Birmingham as part of an inspection in February 2014. Both sets of data are contained in HMIP (2014) Report on an announced inspection of HMP Birmingham 24 February - 7 March (available here).

Hate crime and domestic violence: statistics are taken from West Midland Police’s 20143 Equality, Diversity and Human Rights Information report (available here).